Generativity and Authoritarianism: Implications for Personality, Political Involvement, and Parenting
an article by Bill E. Peterson and Kimberly A. Smirles and Phyllis A. Wentworth,
(our site's article review)
Generativity is Erikson’s word for a combination of productivity, creativity, procreativity, and the nurturing of young to prepare them for life. In this study, parents high in generativity were more open to experience, were interested in political issues, and used an authoritative, nonpunitive parenting style that was good for their kids. Authoritarian parents, on the other hand, were less open, less interested in political issues, and used punitive parenting that had a less positive outcome.
For other study results involving the comparison of authoritative parenting and other types of parenting styles, see these authors on our website: Gauvain, Baumrind, Maccoby, Lewis, Aunola, Brassington, Hill, Larzelere, Shucksmith, Chao, Ramsey, Strage, Peterson, Fletcher, Gray, Steinberg, Lamborn, Society for the Advancement of Education, Johnson Publishing Company Inc., Berg, Snowden, McIntyre, and Slicker. Then see these books: (and the references in the back) Gordon’s Discipline That Works and Alvy’s Parent Training Today. Then see our comments on books and/or articles by these authors: Lakoff, Gould, Pugh, Critzer, Popkin, Dinkmeyer, Gordon, Faber, Dreikurs, Solter, Prinz, Kvols, and Nelsen, keeping in mind that this is just the first author listed—many works have more authors and these are listed as well in each of our references. Finally, check out the real courses (begin with Internet searches) that teach various forms of authoritative and democratic parenting, like P.E.T., STEP, Winning Family Lifeskills, Positive Parenting, Positive Discipline, Redirecting Children’s Behavior, the Ginott method (see our comments on the Faber and Mazlish book Liberated Parents Liberated Children), Dreikur’s democratic parenting (see our comments on his Happy Children book), and Active Parenting.