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While the suicide rate has been fairly stable since the 1940s at around 12.3 per 100,000, it has skyrocketed for youth (age 15-24)
While the suicide rate has been fairly stable since the 1940s at around 12.3 per 100,000 (about 27,000 events yearly in the United States in 1988), it has skyrocketed for youth (age 15-24); it's up 250 percent for females and 300 percent for males, since the 1940s. For each high-school suicide, it is estimated that there are 100-200 attempts. One third of American teens consider suicide and six percent have tried it. They identify depression as well as family and friend problems as the leading causes. And for those age 10 to 14, suicide rose 112 percent between 1980 and 1985. Another statictic says rates for 12- to 14-year-olds doubled between 1980 and 1986.
Depression as well as family and friend problems are leading causes of suicide
Depression rate in the U.S. in 2011
Nearly one-third of high-achieving teens in 1988 said they have considered suicide, and 4 percent actually have attempted to kill themselves, according to a nationwide poll of outstanding teens. (Poll shows 30% of teen achievers think of suicide, Lillian Williams, September 14, 1988, Chicago Sun-Times) A 1991 poll revealed that 6 percent of teens aged 13 to 19 said they'd tried to commit suicide.
Surveys are great marketing, sociological, and demographic research tools
One out of three eighth- and tenth-graders surveyed in 20 states said they had seriously considered killing themselves (according to the Center for Disease Control). That's 25 percent of boys and 52 percent of the girls! And these children have no hope for help since American culture doesn't consider important the mental and emotional health of children. Even school counseling programs put far more emphasis on academic achievement than on the student's emotional well-being. (Louv, Richard, Childhood's Future)
The CDC reports that suicide is the third leading cause of death for people aged 15 to 24 years in 2011
Although the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that suicide is the third leading cause of death for people aged 15 to 24 years in 2011, a new study shows few suicidal teens are getting the mental health treatment they need. The researchers found only 13 percent of teenagers with suicidal thoughts visited a mental health professional through their health care network, and only 16 percent received treatment during the year, even though they were eligible for mental health visits without a referral and with relatively low co-payments. ("Few Suicidal Teens Get the Help They Need: More than 70% don't obtain mental health services, study shows", Sept. 16, 2011, HealthDay News)
The suicide rate of the elderly is climbing and stated to be 50 percent higher than that of teenagers and young adults (despite more media attention to younger suicides)—especially among residents in long-term care facilities.
Every 13.7 minutes someone in the United States dies by suicide. Nearly 1,000,000 people make a suicide attempt every year. 90% of people who die by suicide have a diagnosable and treatable psychiatric disorder at the time of their death. Most people with mental illness do not die by suicide. The 2005 data puts yearly medical costs for suicide at nearly $100 million. Men are nearly 4 times more likely to die by suicide than women. But women attempt suicide 3 times as often as men. Suicide rates are highest for people between the ages of 40 and 59. (http://www.afsp.org/index.cfm?page_id=04ea1254-bd31-1fa3-c549d77e6ca6aa37)
Suicide rates in the United States have risen sharply since the economic crisis took hold in 2007 and political leaders should do more to protect Americans’ mental health during tough times, researchers have warned.
The rate of suicide increase more than quadrupled in the rough times from 2008 to 2010
Analysis of data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that while suicide rates rose slowly between 1999 and 2007, the rate of increase more than quadrupled from 2008 to 2010.
“There is a clear need to implement policies to promote mental health resilience during the ongoing recession,” said Aaron Reeves of Britain’s University of Cambridge.
According to Reeves’ analysis, around 1500 more people a year in the United States have committed suicide since 2007 compared to numbers that would have been expected if the 1997 to 2007 trends had continued. Unemployment may account for around a quarter of the excess suicides in the U.S. since 2007, Reeves said. (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/04/suicide-rate-recession-faster_n_2073799.html)
Statistics for all 2010 suicides:
- Number of deaths: 38,364
- Deaths per 100,000 population: 12.4
- Cause of death rank: 10
- Number of deaths: 19,392
- Deaths per 100,000 population: 6.3
- Number of deaths: 9,493
- Deaths per 100,000 population: 3.1
- Number of deaths: 6,599
- Deaths per 100,000 population: 2.1